Causal Frameworks

Most bilateral and multilateral agencies rely on Logical Frame or Results Based Management approaches to conceptualizing social change pathways. Both assume a logical and causal perspective in documenting impact, focusing on the logical cause-effect relationship that leads to goal attainment (or results) if activities, outputs, and project purpose are achieved. Another prominent framework that draws on a causal approach is the Theory of Change model. The Theory of Change approach highlights pathways to change by mapping the underlying assumptions and the implementation steps required to reach desired outcomes.